Jazz - Demisch Danant Gallery
Demisch Danant is pleased to announce Jazz, in collaboration with Ricco/Maresca. Inspired by the melodies and spirit of the 1950s in Paris, this exhibition highlights unexpected syncopation and rhythms shared by French design of the Fifties and paintings of architecture and cityscapes by African American artist William L. Hawkins. While the works on view derive from very different places of origin and eras of creation, and reside within the discrete categories of fine art and design, they are provocatively connected by the influence of postwar musical innovation and improvisation.
Freed from its former Napoleonic mindset and the traumas of World War II, Paris in the 1950s saw young French designers, including Pierre Guariche, Joseph-André Motte, Étienne Fermigier, among others, revivifying modernism and promoting a forward-looking lifestyle with furniture and architectural designs for a new postwar era. At the time, African American musicians were blazing a triumphant return to Paris, picking up where their 1920s predecessors had left off. For these musicians, the city was a haven from the social and economic constraints of America. Paris was full of basement clubs with avid audiences for visiting jazz bands whose inventiveness awakened a spirit of exploration among the next generation Parisian designers and artists.
In Columbus, Ohio, the African American artist William Hawkins (1895 – 1990) integrated a jazz sensibility into his creative process. Hawkins was functionally illiterate and completely self-taught; unaware of the rules of academic art practice, he was not constrained by them. Hawkins’ modus operandi was as improvisational, instinctual, and fluid as the jazz music he listened to. He utilized the elements found in discarded ephemera – newspapers magazines, and flyers that he collected every day on the streets of Columbus – as inspiration and material for his paintings, which recreate architectural icons as well as historic events and larger-than-life animals.
In both Hawkins’ paintings and the objects created by French designers of the 1950s, visitors to the exhibition at Demisch Danant will recognize the resourcefulness and freshness that are hallmarks of the jazz music loved by their makers.
Pieces by such designers as Joseph-André Motte and Pierre Guariche evolved from the young designers’ desire to produce affordable and efficient design in a changing world. Guariche became known for an approach to furniture, lighting, and architecture principally motivated by their emphasis on new forms, volumes, and materials. His designs reflect a commitment to simplicity – to locating the essence of a thing – and to the idea of series that can be industrially produced to meet modern demand. Guariche’s rare Wall Cabinet (1952), for example, is composed of functional, modular color elements.
An exacting but romantic minimalist, Étienne Fermigier was a furniture designer, interior designer, and gallerist of great influence in the postwar creative milieu of Paris. He was curious about every aspect of industrial aesthetics, as evidenced by the fact that, in addition to furniture and lighting, he designed hardware items, desk accessories, a television and several radios, a single-seater automobile before his untimely death at the age of 41. On view in the exhibition, Fermigier’s Desk (1957) represents the ultimate in furniture fabrication: its construction, hardware, material, and proportions have the authority of breakthrough architecture.
Partners in life and work, Geneviève Dangles and Christian Defrance were among the most prolific designers of their generation, admired for their characteristically daring approach to re-interpreting the work horse objects of everyday life. Their Desk (1958), with its curved form and construction, is today considered one of the most innovative and avant-garde designs of its era.
Embracing new technologies and elevating common materials such as rattan and glass, Motte became one of the most influential designers in France with such iconic works as the 771 chair (1958). With a back and seat formed as a single element, this design achieved a surprising sleekness that has established the piece as an icon. Motte’s focus upon otherwise overlooked materials made cost-effective production possible. As he once said, “material is in charge, then imagination.”
William Hawkins took a similarly inventive approach to everyday materials, repurposing plywood and cardboard and discarded paint to make his work. He occasionally attached wood, gravel, newspaper photos, or found objects to his paintings, giving them an astonishing sense of life and atmosphere. Hawkins’ painting of architecture, here seen in State Capitol, Albany #2 (1986) and Old Town Square #3 (1987), is characterized by repeating geometries that resonate with the design objects on view and, again, call to mind the dynamic repetitions and variations of jazz music.
Jazz will be on view at Demisch Danant from 10AM to 6PM Monday through Friday, and 12PM to 5PM on Saturdays, from September 10 through October 19, 2019.
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